Allen C. Guelzo: Gettysburg



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People in my ife who know how many books I ve read on the Civil War Before I go on I should preface that statement again for those five or six people who keep trying to walk away when I talk about Richard Ewell s failure to take Culp s Hill Guelzo s Gettysburg is not a typical Civil War book It is nothing Soulprint like Shelby Foote s florid retelling in The Civil War A Narrative Gettysburg is found in Volume 2 in the chapter titled Stars in their Courses It also doesn t bear much of a resemblance to Stephen Sears commendable sturdy and enjoyable Gettysburg from 2004In a word Guelzo s contribution is idiosyncratic It is filled with digressions analogies to famous European battles I d barely heard of and uirkyittle sub theses such as Guelzo s contention that the Civil War was demonstrably not a modern war His focus is different than any author I ve read Lee disappears almost completely for Blah Blah Black Sheep long stretches at a time arguably as he did during the battle Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain s famous charge is mildly disparaged in favor of the posthumous Strong Vincent whoed the Union contingent up Little Round Top JEB Stuart is mostly forgiven since Guelzo believes that Civil War cavalry on both sides were badly misused and seldom utilized for intelligence gathering Stuart has been condemned for riding around the Union Army during Lee s invasion eaving Lee without eyes and therefore knowledge of the Union Army s position I don t agree with all of Guelzo s positions The I think about it the ess I agree with them But they got me thinking about the Civil War in a whole new Surrender light The key to Guelzo s success is that he really has taken a groundevel view Of course the ground The Highlanders Touch (Highlander, level can be foggy as he reminds the reader time and again Civil War gun smoke was so thick that soldiers often shot at each other s feet He teaches in Gettysburg so he sived with the terrain all his ife Thus he has an incredibly good grasp of the topography and how that effected 19th century armies who knew how much was riding on Pennsylvania s small holdings each one surrounded by stone fences that played hell on infantry formationsGuelzo also has keen interest in what it meant to be a common soldier To be sure every book worth its salt is going to uote from the etters and diaries of ordinary soldiers After all in Guelzo s words the men who fought the Civil War were hyperliterate Guelzo does much than that He digs deep into the primary sources and discovers passages of such startling detail that they make other Civil War entries mundane Guelzo notes that many soldiers in their writing tended towards vague hyperbole in their descriptions The event being so enormous as to be almost beyond words To counteract that he has found writings that hone in on the ghastliness of battle passages that resemble the famously uncensored remembrances of Ambrose Bierce In Pickett s division the major of the 8th Virginia saw a shell take off the head of Sergt Morris of my brother tom s Co plaistered his brains over my hat Another shell wounded the colonel of the 53rd Virginia William Aylett and the colonel of the 3rd Virginia was struck by a handful of earth mixed with blood and brains which had a moment before belonged to two poor fellows and seriously wounded the sergeant major of the neighboring 7th Virginia That sergeant major David Johnston survived fractured ribs a badly contused eft ung and paralysis down his The Scarlet Ruse (Travis McGee left side and yearsater described Pickett s division as sort of a grotesue shooting gallery in which at almost every moment muskets swords haversacks human flesh and bones flying and dangling in the air or bouncing above the earth which now trembled as if shaken by an earthuake The incessant discharging blasting cracking and pounding created its own miniature weather system and a soldier of the 16th Mississippi was amazed to see that birds attempting to fly tumbled and fell to the ground Not all the details involve detached The White Road limbs however One of the fascinating tidbits that Guelzo unearths is the way that the opposing armies could smell each otherong before they actually came into sight The thing I most appreciated about Guelzo s Gettysburg was its attention to 19th century tactics This is glossed over in most books I ve read Oh to be sure any author will tell you that this battalion moved here or that brigade went there There might even be maps which clarify but also simplify Here Guelzo explains what it takes to get men hither and yon It is no simple feat to move 60000 to 90000 men from one place to another when the only thing connecting those two places is a dirt road And that road is blocked by an obstinate cow He details the painstaking and Bridges of Madison County lengthy process of maneuvering men into position of getting them into different formations and what those formations mean It took aot of time which explains why the fierce fighting on Gettysburg s second day didn t begin till Mind Wide Open late afternoon Guelzo defines all his terms often with reference to the aforementioned European battles For instance he describes the differences between aine of battle and a column and the advantages or disadvantages of each This is probably obvious to a West Point graduate or anyone who s read Hardee s Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics but it s excellent information for Civil War buffs who also have other things going on in their Dominant FUTA Collection lives He also explained the mechanics of an en echelon attack so well that I was able to demonstrate it at a barbeueast weekend shortly before everybody inexplicably The Grand Sophy left As I mentioned above Guelzo is always wandering off into side conversations Some of these are just gems Ioved his discussion on the poor marksmanship exhibited by Civil War soldiers since it finally answers the uestion most of us probably have about these battles to wit how could anyone survive the combination of Napoleonic tactics with rifled muskets Guelzo explains why The staggering mortality inflicted by Civil War combat remained a product of the sheer volume of fire delivered in motionless A New Society line toine slugfests rather than any extraordinary Three Chinese Poets lethality in the weapons technology None of the rifle s much vaunted improvements was sufficient to trump the volunteer soldier s mediocre training his amateur officers the cumbersome nine stepoading seuence or the inevitable palls of powder smoke What precision of aim or direction can be expected asked one British officer when one man is priming another coming to the present a third taking what is called aim a fourth ramming down his cartridge and all the while the whole body are closely enveloped in smoke and the enemy totally invisible The answer of course was not much At the battle of Stone s River six months before Gettysburg Union major general William Rosecrans worked out a general estimate of how many shots needed to be fired to inflict one hit on the enemy and came up with the astounding calculation that 20000 rounds of artillery fired during the battle managed to hit exactly 728 men even amazing his troops fired off 2 million cartridges and inflicted 13832 hits on the rebels all of which meant that it reuired 27 cannon shots to inflict 1 artillery hit and 145 rifle shots to score 1 infantry hit Loving this book does not put me in agreement with Guelzo s conclusions For instance on the issue of General Stuart s cavalry he tends to contradict himself On the one hand he states that Lee knew the position of Meade s army and thus didn t need Stuart s reconnaissance however on the other hand he notes that if General Harry Heth had a cavalry screen he would ve been able to correctly ascertain the strength of Union General John Buford s cavalry on the first day of Gettysburg perhaps Bounty of the Blood Witch (Dragon Hero, leading to an early Confederate victory I had other disagreements that I greatly want to mention but out of consideration for you will abstain from doing Suffice to say I greatly want someone else to read this book meet me at a bar drink ten beers and then discuss I mean I haven t even gotten to the politics of the Army of the Potomac or Guelzo s insightful treatment of the blundering Dan Sickles I can t recommend this book enough to Civil War enthusiasts Get this book Read it Meet me at theocal watering hole The first domestic Lestate dei giochi spezzati light beer is on me Bring your strongly held opinions of Oliver Otis Howard and be ready to debate James Longstreet segacy There are a number of good books about the Gettysburg campaign Shelby Foote s account in the second volume of The Civil War Stephen Sears s Gettysburg Harry Pfanz s detailed analyses of the first and second days and the books on Pickett s Charge by Earl Hess George Stewart and Carol Reardon but Guelzo s is remarkably well done He s read everything see his prefatory notes on what s not available writes strongly see his description of Dan Sickles or of Powell Hill makes very clear an incredibly tangled three days He considers issues in passing that are valuable additions to the book eg the actual Cooking for a Crowd lethal effects of rifle fire the work of those who enshrined Lee s reputation after the war the amateurish nature of many of the movements on the field of battle the play of strong personalities on the battle the pro and anti McClellan factions within the Army of the Potomac as well as the pro and anti abolitionist factions It is both a very useful book and a pleasure to read and consider According to Allen C Guelzo as of 2004 6193 books articles and pamphlets have been written about the Battle of Gettysburg Now in the 150th anniversary year of a battle that has been seared into American memory we have another prodigious volume that describes and analyzes the battle theeading characters as well as the soldiers who were involved in the fighting Guelzo s work GETTYSBURG THE LAST INVASION may be the best one volume account since that of Bruce Catton s appeared in 1952 In summarizing the Civil War as A History of the English Language in 100 Places large numbers of organized citizens attempting to kill one an I think it would be difficult if not impossible to find a book about Gettysburg that was thoroughly researched and coupled with thought provoking analysis than what Allen Guelzo has presented us with in this book I cannot say that I am a Civil War buff but I have done a fair amount of reading about that war and this battle What amazed me was Guelzo s analysis Things I thought I knew I noonger feel confident in repeating as fact Joshua Chamberlain not a hero at Little Roundtop Pickett s Charge not an insane suicide mission The victory a demonstration of The South Beach Diet Supercharged lucky breaks than any superior strategy or soldiering oreadership Yes these are just some of the things this author opines and then backs up At 482 pages of text and 117 pages of notes this is not a uick read and maybe not for a reader with only casual interest in this battle The author Surviving the Silence lays out in detail every significant and some not so significant events that occurred during this battle However he not only details what happened among the competing armies he also informs us of how all this affected the civilians of thisittle town and what they did and how they coped with two gigantic armies slugging it out in the town s backyard While I enjoy Kursk learning about the tactics and strategies of a battle I really enjoyearning how the average soldier endures these contests This book supplies both elements to an extent not to be expected or rivaled in any other treatment of this battle The author then ends his book with an analysis of Lincoln s inspiration and motivation for his Gettysburg Address that completes the telling of this story in a most fitting fashion I highly recommend this book to readers for whom the Civil War is a passion but then you probably already know about this book I wish I had earned about it sooner. Pickett's Charge; the reason that the Army of Northern Virginia could be smelled before it could be seen; the march of thousands of men from the banks of the Rappahannock in Virginia to the Pennsylvania hills What emerges is a previously untold story from the personal politics roiling the Union and Confederate officer ranks to the peculiar character of artillery units Through such scrutiny the cornerstone battle of the Civil War is given extraordinarily vivid new ife?.

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Of the battle has been written about extensively attempts at understanding continue as with any historical subject of complexity and moment Allen Guelzo s new book Gettysburg The Last Invasion 2013 offers a detailed insightful and beautifully written history of the Gettysburg campaign that has much to teach both readers new to the battle and readers who have studied it in detail Guelzo Henry R Luce Professor of the Civil War Era and Director of Civil War Era Studies at Gettysburg College has written broadly about the Civil War and about Abraham Lincoln His writings tend to show an interest in ideas including broad philosophical and religious uestions He has also written about the early American theologian Jonathan EdwardsThe strength of Guelzo s book National Populism: The Revolt Against Liberal Democracy (Pelican Books) lies in its discussion of the political and philosophical importance of the Battle of Gettysburg in the preservation of American democracy Guelzo also has interesting things to say about the battle itself The remainder of this review elaborates these mattersGuelzo understands the Battle of Gettysburg and Lincoln s subseuent Gettysburg Address as a testing of democracy first Guelzo writes Gettysburg was almost univocally a battle for the Union and it was made all the so by Lincoln s famous address which contains no allusion to slavery and casts the battle entirely in the context of the preservation ofiberal democracy On the underlying background Guelzo reminds the reader at the outset that this is a book about a nineteenth century battle He places the battle and the Civil War in the context of the political and military history of the times which results in insights often missed For example Guelzo ualifies the understanding many readers will bring to the book about the impact of the use of the rifle and the minie ball on battlefield strategy and on tactics He denies that the Civil War or Gettysburg was an instance of total war as that term came to be understood in the twentieth century He states succinctly that there are few things humiliating than the bewildered small town incompetence with which American soldiers addressed themselves to the task of managing directing and commanding the mammoth citizen armies they had called forth Guelzo also points to and rejects the tendency of post Vietnam scholarship to downplay the importance of military history and the story of battles His book is valuable in its unapologetic endorsement of the study of military campaigns as part of historical understandingEspecially as it involves the Army of the Potomac Guelzo s book offers political insights that are easy to overlook He goes into great detail into the political The Christmas Scorpion (Jack Reacher, leanings of the generals in the army s high command and their relationship with McClellan Many McClellan followers remained among the generals of the Army of the Potomac and they had an uneasy relationship with their republican or abolitionist peers George Meade who became the commanding general just three days before the Battle of Gettysburg had a close relationship with McClellan and his military and political inclinations were heavily influenced by those of his predecessor Guelzo shows than other Gettysburg studies that I know how political considerations heavily influenced the generals in the Army of the Potomac and their approach to the battleThe book is organized into fourarge parts which consider respectively the beginnings and goals of Lee s Gettysburg campaign and the approach of the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac towards what would become the battle during June 1863 This is followed by a chapter on the first day of the battle July 1 1863 culminating in a discussion of the Confederate Army s failure to attempt to occupy the pivotal sites of Cemetery and Culps Hills The discussion of the second day focuses on Longstreet s charge and how close it came to success together with the Army of Northern Virginia s attempts to take the hills they might have tried to take the prior day Guelzo s treatment of the third day centers as it must of Pickett s fateful charge against the Union centerGuelzo has read and thought about many sources primary and secondary and his book covers the feel of battle from the high And the Crooked Places Made Straight levels of command to the foot soldier on the ground The military movements may not be described in as much detail as in some studies but they areucid and easy to follow Guelzo also makes his account exciting rather than overly technical as he captures both the heroism and the The Obliterated Man large human suffering and pain occasioned by the battleStudents of the battle will know of the many uestions that surround it such as the effect of JEB Stuart s absence whether the decision to refrain from attacking Cemetery and Culps Hills on July 1 was wise whether Longstreet dragged his feet in implementing orders on July 2 and 3 and several others Guelzo addresses the uestions and issues and sometimes answers them in ways against what is probably the consensus of opinion He is critical for example of Meade seadership finding him broadly too defensively minded and concluding that Meade did indeed intend to retreat from Gettysburg the night of July 2 until dissuaded by his Corps commanders Guelzo also criticizes in the company of President Lincoln but against considerable modern scholarship Meade s failure to pursue Lee after the battle and to inflict further damage before Lee s retreat across the Potomac Guelzo s strictures against General Meade will not convince every reader but sifting through conflicting opinions is part of the purpose of historyStudents also disagree about whether the Army of Northern Virginia could have won at Gettysburg and if so how close it came to success Some students believe that the Union position was virtually impregnable Guelzo argues that it was a mistake for Lee to fight the battle but having decided to fight the battle could have been won on several occasions The missed opportunities include the charge on Cemetery Ridge Figlio dellolocausto late on July 2 and the attacks on both Cemetery Hill and Culps Hillate on July 2 Guelzo finds that northern troops seemed always available and willing to take the Mr Majeika and the School Book Week last heroic step to avoid disaster while southerneadership was often uncoordinated and did not make the final aggressive timely push that might have Outliving led to victory at critical momentsThe ultimateesson of the battle for Guelzo was that a democracy could have the strength and the will to defend itself and win a war He writes It was not merely that Gettysburg finally delivered a victory or that it administered a bloody reverse to Southern fortunes at the point and in the place where they might otherwise have scored their greatest triumph or that it had come at such a stupendous cost in Landscapes of Communism lives It was that the monumental scale of that bloodletting was its own refutation to the oldie that a democracy enervates the virtue of its people to the point where they are unwilling to do than blinkingly New Years Rockin Evil (Futurama Comics look to their personal self interest Guelzo teaches a poignantesson about the strength and fragility of American democracy that is both historically based and of current importanceGuelzo s study combines attention to fact with historical thinking and with a sense of purpose and meaning It will be a thoughtful consideration of the Battle of Gettysburg in this sesuicentennial year and beyondRobin Fr When I saw that this book came out I asked Do we need yet one book on Gettysburg From Coddington a magisterial treatment on there have been many fine works on this battle After a while I got a sense of deja vu If you were a Civil War historian at some point you wrote a book on Gettysburg Allen Guelzo brings an edginess to his examination of Gettysburg He uestions some of the accepted wisdom about the battle and injects his own perspective some examples ater onAs a history of the campaign this is nicely done The beginning notes the eadership of the two armies the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia The pathway from the Chancellorsville battlefield to Gettysburg is told well including the slow but inevitable end of General Joseph Hooker s command of the norther forces and George Meade s accession to commandThe slow dance between the two armies as Lee s southern army moved toward Maryland and Pennsylvania The cavalry battle at Brandy Station where the northern mounted forces fought JEB Stuart s cavalry pretty evenly The book deals well with familiar events John Buford s cavalry meeting Henry Heth s division on July 1 the arrival of Reynolds and Howard s forces on the field followed by two Confederate corps converging on the battlefield A P Hill s and Richard Ewell s The weight of southern forces told and the first day ended in a serious Union setbackAnd on it goes through days two and three Then the story of the Union s dilatory in Guelzo s view pursuit of Lee s retreating forcesThe author takes an edgy tone at a number of points and this adds a novel element to the workPipe Creek and Meade The author comes back to the Pipe Creek position time after time arguing that Meade was rather passive in orientation and far preferred to fight on a ground of his own choosing Indeed he was reluctant to fight at Gettysburg and on the evening of the second day indicated a willingness to withdraw Most analysts accept the view that Pipe Creek was a contingent position depending on how matters unfolded Guelzo is much critical of MeadeJEB Stuart and the rear sweep on the third day Some such as Coddington suggest that Stuart s movement toward the rear of the Union army was a strategic move to Tough Girl link up with the charge on the third day to rout the Union forces Guelzo dismisses this notion out of hand and others have suggested as Coddington that Lee conceived an envelopment by StuartMeade and political payback As a Democrat and a McClellan supporter he used his command status to remove Republicans from command positions eg a steady but Republican general such as Abner Doubleday was demoted during the middle of the battle at Gettysburg This adds a political component to the author s analysisI m not sure that I am comfortable with all aspects of Guelzo s analysis But he stakes out positions and makes the reader think And that can be a very good thing Gettysburg is the most famous battle in American history Occurring over three days in July 1863 it was a seesaw affair in which the fate of a nation continually rested on a wobbling flank a rugged hillside a gap in aine It was a battle that took ordinary ocal geographic features and made them immortal the Peach Orchard Devil s Den Little Round Top When it was over nothing had been decided The Confederate Army of Robert E Lee escaped The Union Army of George Meade et them And the war went on for two years bloodier by far than anything either side had ever seen The battle though has significance beyond its enormous cost After Gettysburg Lee s Army never took an offensive posture After Gettysburg Lee no Perfect Phrases for Lead Generation longer wore invincibility as a cloak And after Gettysburg Ulysses Grant took command Grant was a great man and a great general a man of iron will and tenacity When Grant came east the Confederacy was doomed As befitting its great stature Gettysburg has been well covered in previous books If youook it up on you get 7600 Conversationally Speaking listings When I first saw Allen Guelzo s Gettysburg The Last Invasion I wondered at the point of yet another volume on the three day battle in and around a small Pennsylvania crossroads town The point of course is that we just passed the 150th anniversary of the battle The reason I read it Well I m a sucker The verdict Not only is this the best book on Gettysburg I ve read it might be my favorite Civil War book ever I know I ve just shocked the five or six. D thoroughly dissected in terms of strategic importance never before has a book dived down so closely to the individual soldier to explore the experience of the three days of intense fighting for the people involved orooked so closely at the way politics swayed military decisions or placed the battle in the context of nineteenth century military practice Guelzo shows us the face the sights and sounds of nineteenth century combat the stone walls and gunpowder clouds of.

Summary An account of the three day battle at Gettysburg the personalities key turning points battlefield topography and movement by movement narratives that both zoom out and come up close in describing the unfolding of the battleThere are scores of accounts of the confrontation between Union and Confederate forces for a three day battle at Gettysburg Pennsylvania July 1 3 1863 Allen C Guelzo s account written on the 150th anniversary of the battle has to rank among the best Guelzo directs the Civil War Era Studies program at Gettysburg College which means he resides on the site of the battle I know of no book that reflects such an intimate acuaintance with the topography of Gettysburg whether it be the two hills that make up Culp s Hill Sherfy s Peach Orchard or Little Round Top or even the Hoot locations of fences that made advances difficult At Gettysburg topography was a critical factor on all three days and Guelzo helps us see how strategic choices topography andeadership in battle all contributed to the outcomeThe book is organized into four parts one for the decisions and movements Red November leading up to the battle and one for each day It s clear that neither Lee nor Meade had planned to fight at Gettysburg Meade had only taken command three days earlier and wanted to gather his army behind Pipe Creek positioning him between Lee and Washington a strong position to receive an attack Lee wanted to scare the North into negotiating as well as secure much needed supplies for his army If he could defeat a spread out army in detail he would take that chance but without scouting from Stuart s cavalry absent on a ride around the Union forces he was guessingWhenead elements of his forces engaged Union troops under Reynolds and Howard he thought he had his chance The Union Beowulf is my name (Rinehart editions, 146) leaders barely were right that they could get the rest of the army there ahead of the Confederates On such calculations the battle swayed back and forth all three days Guelzo traces these through the battle s three days Howard s decision toeave troops on Cemetery Hill and Ewell s decision not to attack this thinly held position the first night Longstreet s delayed movements on the second day and Dan Sickle s near fatal advance of his troops to the Peach Orchard the ast minute decisions of Warren and Joshua Chamberlain s stand that held Little Round Top and the near rolling up of the Union position by Barksdale s Mississippians and the fierce resistance of Alexander Hays troops redeeming their ignominious defeat at Harpers FerryParticularly as I read the second day s account I found myself on the edge of my seat wondering how the Union managed to hold on It seemed to me that if Longstreet had attacked a ittle sooner and had a bit support that the Army of the Potomac could have been shattered In all this Meade comes off rather poorly A Gentleman for Dry Creek (Dry Creek, letting Sickles take a weak position that opened a gap in the rest of hisines promoting fellow McClellanite John Newton over Abner Doubleday for command of the 1st Division and preparing for retreat while Winfield Scott Hancock moved troops into gaps holding Cemetery Ridge and Hill After they had held the position according to Guelzo Meade wanted to retreat and was overruled by his generalsThen there is the third day and the perennial uestion of why Pickett s charge Guelzo reminds us of the military precedents for the success of such charges that may have been in Lee s mind Again we grasp what a near run thing this was as Armistead reaches the high water mark of momentarily seeing no one in front of him only to fall Had the artillery barrage been effective had Pickett support much support I would venture the outcome might have been differentBeyond understanding the outcome of the battle Guelzo takes us inside the battle We hear what soldiers are talking about as they wait to give or receive attacks we witness the incongruity of fierce fighting and human compassion between opposing soldiers and the gore of war as brains spatter Trail of Evidence (Capitol K-9 Unit limbs are torn off and men are eviscerated We read of the primitive surgeries piles ofimbs stacked up and no infection measuresGuelzo also helps us understand the politics in the Army of the Potomac that undermined Lincoln s efforts to defeat Lee As already noted Meade was a sympathizer with McClellan who wanted a negotiated settlement that Architecture by Birds and Insects likely would have preserved the Confederacy and he promoted accordingly Meade was satisfied to drive Lee back across the Potomac when he had an opportunity to defeat him prolonging the war and theoss of Beyond Carnival lives unlike abolitionist John Reynolds who was spoiling for a fight and whose aggressive actions precipitated the battle where he wouldose his Microsociology lifeThis is a great book to read in conjunction with a battlefield visit There is something for both Civil War aficionados and those reading their first account of the battle Most of all he helps us understand why this battle was theast invasion and just what a near run thing it was A twenty hour audiobook covering all aspects of the biggest bloodiest battle of the American Civil War The first thing that stuck me was the number of names involved a seemingly endless Lefty list of military figures from both sides Throughout the book these names are dropped in at a rapid rate usually without helpful reference as to which side each is fighting for fighting for For me this was partially remedied by undertaking background research and copious note taking A further challenge was to understand theie of the and and attempt to follow the meticulously detailed troop movements and this time I tracked down an animated online battle map which became my go to point of reference Yes this isn t an easy audiobook to follow unless you do some preparation or are already intimately familiar with the detail of the two armies and the battle itself Fortunately I d already gone uite a bit of reading around the wider context of the civil war and that helped at east in terms of understanding the bigger picture This battle took place in a small Pennsylvanian town and Shadow of the Vampire lasted for three days 1st 3rd July 1863 As well as offering up a very detailed account of how the battle played out the author also provides pen pictures of many of the senior officers Guelzo also details many smaller stories of unbelievable bravery sacrifice and often that I d imagined compassion towards the enemy The nitty gritty elements covered include a harrowing insight as to the survival rates usually veryow for various types of injury and the fact that amputations for what might now be considered fairly minor wounds were routine this in a bid to ward off infection and ultimately gangrene Amazingly to me at Statistical Computing in C++ and R least it appears that only one civilian was killed by means of a stray bullet and only a further handful were injured Amongst the armies the killed wounded and missing is commonly agreed to have been than twenty thousand on each side Robert E Lee commander of the Confederate States Army had moved north to obtain desperately needed supplies and had hoped that a successful outcome in a battle with the Union army at Gettysburg would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace But after three days of fighting Lee was forced to withdraw his troops back across the Potomac River into Virginia Major General George Meade Commander of the Army of the Potomac chose not to pursue Lee s forces and his reputation was forever stained by uestions over this decision In fact the book details recriminations on both sides following the battle with politicians and many senior soldiers pointing the finger of blame for theack of clear success on either side at numerous individuals The author pores over the decisions made at some Human Aspects of Software Engineering length and his conclusion could be summed up as Meade wasucky and Lee made too many mistakes Overall it seems that this battle was certainly a turning point in favour of the Union but given the war was continue for a further two years it certainly wasn t a knockout blowIn summary I believe that this book provides a comprehensive account of the battle of Gettysburg and the major figures involved For some it might be a How to Make a Plant Love You little too detailed in terms of the strategies adopted and the minutiae of resultant troop movements but it certainly dideave me with a very clear picture of the sheer brutality of the battle and of what it must have been Cities and Dialogue like for soldiers who were engaged in the fighting Because I chose the audio version theack of visual aids forced me to undertake some additional research but in truth this simply accentuated the experience for me This just may be the best book about Gettysburg I ve ever read Guelzo s account is extremely readable and very entertaining Guelzo s analysis is a Christmas Doll little different than what has been rehashed for that past 150 years Guelzo challenges and debunks common beliefs such as Little Round Top was theynchpin of the Union Line and that it was Richard Ewell s fault that the Confederates didn t take Cemetery Hill the first day or that Lee had no intelligence due to Jeb Stuart s ride or Hancock organized the defense on Cemetery Hill the afternoon of the first day etc A fresh critical reassessment of the performance of the participants is offered I thought that John Reynolds Abner Doubleday and Oliver Howard were finally given their due for their heroic efforts during the battle Others do not fair so well This book doesn t merely rehash the battle The author uestions every preconceived notion or myth about the battle and it s participants that has ever been perpetuated It also compares Civil War tactics and weaponry to those of other Dark Tide Rising (William Monk landmark battles on the continent of Europe Some of the feats of bravery and chivalry illustrated in the pages of this book I actually found to be uplifting In fact Iiked the book so much I immediately started The Internet Book listening to it a second time This alone should tell you how good this book is I ve read Sears Catton Codington Foote and I ve been to the battlefield numerous times and spent 8 hours on tours with professional guides etc and I have got to tell you that there is still room for this book I found this book on Battle of Gettysburg very informative and thought provoking The author is among many who have recently put the Confederateoss at Gettysburg suarly on the shoulders of Robert E Lee He also makes a good point that Meade really didnt win the battle but reacted well enough to make the right moves He gives the victory to the individual Union soldiers and Officers who rose to the occasion Some came into their own at the right time to make a difference in the battle The Confederate officers came up short in this battle and did not have any of those moments Still the Confederacy almost pulled out a victory James Longstreet after the war took a The Queen from Provence (Plantagenet Saga, lot of blame that heost the battle when in fact it was Lee s decisions that ended up Fearless Jack losing it The book goes in depth into the campaign and each of the three days He sets up the events before the battle and Lee s retreat after He tells about the horror the civilians had to contend with cleaning up after the battle He goes over all the controversies and uestions that arose from the decisions made and conduct during and after the battle This book really helped set the stage for me on a recent trip to Gettysburg to tour the battlefield These men s stories and the events of that day really come toife when you stand in the place these great events happen It really brought forth strong emotions of the struggle and horror these men endured Gettysburg And The Testing Of American DemocracyThe sesuicentennial of the Battle of Gettysburg July 1 July 3 1863 offers the opportunity to reflect upon the battle and its significance Although every aspect. From the acclaimed Civil War historian and coinciding with the 150th anniversary of the The Film Club legendary battle a brilliant new history the most intimate and richly readable account we have had that draws the reader into the muck and grime of Gettysburg alongside the ordinary soldier and depicts as never before the combination of personalities and circumstances that produced one of the great battles of all timeThough the Battle of Gettysburg has been written about atength an.

Allen Carl Guelzo born 1953 is the Henry R Luce III Professor of the Civil War Era at Gettysburg College where he serves as Director of the Civil War Era Studies Program