Harry W. Pfanz: Gettysburg Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill Civil War America



Absolutely awesome study on the Union right and Confederate left Excellent history of the bloody 3rd day ofBattle before Pickett s charge On Culp s Hill the 1st Maryland Infantry USA battled the 1st Maryland CSA with ferocity The Union regiment prevailed and drove off the Confederat This so called monograph focuses on the battle within the greater battle of Gettysburg In terms of research data and facts this book is very very good My overall rating stems from what I viewed as I viewed as deficiencies in writing style and description namely it s dry almost clinical sterile There were some nice uotes and anecdotes but did not bring the battle alive as I ve found with other history writers the constant references to this regiment s right and left spun the head It was hard to follow at ties and while I suppose it s somewhat unavoidable to make such references when that was the order of the day I found it to be a constant stumbling block maps while each chapter had one the book would have benefited from showing troop movements At times the author wrote about regimental movements and the regiments were not even on the map for that chapterThese uibbles aside I liked it but can t say I loved it This book primarily covers events on July 2 1863 on or near Cemetery Hill and Culp s Hill in Gettysburg There is a lead up to the events on July 1 when the Confederates stopped short of assaulting Cemetery Hill The final assaults on Culp s Hill on July 3 are also given some coverage But the main events in and around these hills took place on July 2 This is primarily a soldier s story Grand strategies and tactics at the Battle of Gettysburg are only briefly covered What the soldiers of both armies experienced during these battles is told in great detail which provides a very good insight into the plight of front line Civil War soldiers It is not a pretty sight They experienced hardships of course with death and destruction all around them but they also experienced logistical hardships with. In this companion to his celebrated earlier book Gettysburg The Second Day Harry Pfanz provides the first definitive account of the fighting between the Army of the Potomac and Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill two of the most critical engagements fought at Gettysburg on 2 and 3 July 1863 Pfanz provides detailed tactical accounts of each stage of the contest and explores the interactions between and decisions made by generals on both sides In particular he illuminates Confederate lieutenant general Richard S Ewell's controversial decision not to attack Cemetery Hill after the initial southern victory on 1 July Pfanz also explores other salient features of the.

Summary Gettysburg Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill Civil War America

Food water and too often incompetent leadership You ll often see lives throw away for no good reason because leadership failed the front line soldiers These experiences were detailed by the soldiers themselves in diaries and letters they wrote at the time This clearly was an extensively and well researched book that is very helpful to people who are looking for insight into the granular lives of Civil War soldiers as well as a description of how the combat played out in and around these to critical hills The Defense Of The Union Right At GettysburgHarry Pfanz a former Chief Historian of the National Park Service has written a three volume narrative of the Battle of Gettysburg This volume Gettysburg Culp s Hill and Cemetery Hill 1993 covers the fighting on the Union right Confederate left part of the line This aspect of the Battle has not received the attention that has been accorded to Pickett s charge or to Longstreet s assault on the Union left on July 2 But it is an important and interesting component of the Battle nonetheless Further Culp and Cemetery Hills were the only parts of the battlefield that saw sustained action during all three days of the fightingPfanz begins as the story must with several chapters on the first day of the battle July 1 1863 The first day reached its climax with a Confederate victory north and west of Gettysburg which pushed two Union Corps the first and the eleventh through the town and unto Cemetery Hill south of town Cemetery Hill and the adjacent Culp s Hill were crucial to the defense of the entire Union line on Cemetery Ridge Pfanz book discusses at length the Confederate failure to pursue the attack on day 1 and to attempt to take these two hills Pfanz concludes that the Confederate corps commander Lietenant General Richard Ewell was probably not at fault by failing to attack and try to take these hills on July 1 This pivotal moment of the Battle is a subject of endless debate among students of GettysburgPfanz also describes in detail th. Fighting including the Confederate occupation of the town of Gettysburg the skirmishing in the south end of town and in front of the hills the use of breastworks on Culp's Hill and the small but decisive fight between Union cavalry and the Stonewall BrigadeRich with astute udgments about officers on each side clearly written and graced with excellent maps Pfanz's book is tactical history at its finest Civil War A meticulous examination of the desperate engagements that over the course of the three days swept up and down the rough slopes of these two hills the strategic anchors of the Union right flank New York Times Book ReviewThe first and most comprehensive narrative yet written on this part of

online pdf Gettysburg Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill Civil War America AUTHOR Harry W. Pfanz – cafe1919.org

E fighting for Cemetery and Culp s Hills during the evening of July 2 after the Union had heavily occupied and fortified them Pfanz also offers a good discussion of skirmishing and of fighting in the town of Gettysburg itself again a matter that sometimes receives too little attention in other studies Pfanz account of the fighting for the hills focuses on the vagaries of battle and of the tremendous cost in human lives and suffering of the war He points out that the Union basically committed errors involving both Cemetery Hill and Culp s Hill that made the positions highly vulnerable The Confederates fought valiantly but were unable to capture either hill due to the inherent strength of the defensive positions lack of coordination mistakes of their own and fierce Union defense The Confederates did capture some fortifications on Culp s hill but were forced to abandon them on July 3 This leads to the third part of Pfanz storyOn July 3 General Robert E Lee wanted to coordinate a resumption of the attack on the Union right with a new attack on the Union center and left which ultimately became Pickett s charge But the fighting on the Union right came and went before the action in the center of the line began There was fierce fighting on Culp s Hill beginning with a Union artillery bombardment at dawn and continuing until 1100 that morning The Confederates attacked the Union defenses repeatedly but were repulsed each time with heavy lossesPfanz tells his story well and the book is full of detail about the participants from the generals to the foot soldiers His account strives to be full and objective and probably could have used in the way of commentary and analysis The book is not suitable for the reader with a casual interest in the Battle of Gettysburg or for someone coming to the Battle for the first time For such readers a good general account of the Battle would be suitable But for those wanting to study the Battle of Gettysburg in detail Pfanz work is essentialRobin Friedman. He battlefield Civil War enthusiasts should clear a space on their bookshelf for Gettysburg Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill Blue and Gray Harry Pfanz provides the definitive account of the fighting between the Army of the Potomac and Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill two of the most critical engagements fought at Gettysburg on 2 and 3 July 1863 He provides detailed tactical accounts of each stage of the contest and explores the interactions between and decisions made by generals on both sides In particular he illuminates Confederate lieutenant general Richard S Ewell's controversial decision not to attack Cemetery Hill after the initial Southern victory on 1 Jul.

Harry W Pfanz graduated from Ohio State University in 1943 followed by service in the US army in World War II He then became a historian first for the Department of the Army then for Gettysburg National Military Park for ten years He received a doctorate in history from Ohio State University in 1958 He has also served as the Chief Historian of the National Park Service from 1974 until his