Anders Ericsson, Robert Pool: Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise



Epub Libérer Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise – cafe1919.org

Practice and deliberate practice In this difference lies the seed for the rest of the book When it comes to deliberate practice the ey words are focus feedback specific goals and mental representations Unlike naive practice which involves doing the same thing again and again and expecting improvement deliberate practice involves setting specific goals for oneself breaking down complex tasks into chunks making mental representations of paths leading to success getting out of your comfort zone and getting constant feedbackMuch of the book focuses on those ey last three factors Mental representations are patterns or heuristics that allow you to become successful in a task and do it repeatedly with improvement Ericsson provides examples from calculating prodigies and chess grandmasters to illustrate the utility and power of mental representations Getting out of your comfort zone may sound obvious but it s eually important helped in his narrative by neuroscience studies which illustrate how the brain strengthens neural connections in certain areas when you push yourself Ericsson provides good tips for exerting yourself just a little bit than you did the previous time when you attempt to get better at a taskLastly he shows us how getting constant feedback on results is of paramount importance in becoming an expert Ericsson calls this the Top Gun method based on a reference to the elite US Navy pilots who became much better when they got feedback on their combat maneuvers at the Navy s Top Gun flight school The lack of feedback can explain many seemingly paradoxical results For instance Ericsson spends several pages describing studies showing that experienced doctors aren t always necessarily better at diagnosis mainly because they often work alone don t change their methods and have no peers to prov. Reer studying chess champions violin virtuosos star athletes and memory mavens Peak distills three decades of myth shattering research into a powerful learning strategy that is fundamentally different from the way people traditionally think about acuiring new abilities Whether you want to stand out at work improve your athletic or musical performance or help your child achieve academic goals Ericssons revolutionary methods will show you how to improve at almost any skill that matters to you The science of exc.

Ide feedback in a nutshell the work they put in daily contributes to ordinary practice but not deliberate practice Doctors who made positive changes in all three areas were much better and so can the rest of us In fact it is startling to realize how little feedback we get from our daily work Other studies from the areas of motivational speaking and business management showed similar trends breaking up jobs into parcels and getting regular feedback on these can make an enormous differenceAs an aside Ericsson offers a good critiue of Malcolm Gladwell s book Outliers in which Gladwell made the ten thousand hour rule so popular Ericsson cautions us that Gladwell misunderstood many details of that rule including its limited utility as an average and its inapplicability to some of the examples he cites in his bookOverall I found the book very readable and interesting with scores of recognizable and thought provoking examples thrown in The only caveat to deliberate practice is one Ericsson himself states in the middle of the book it is mainly applicable only to highly developed fields like sports or music where there have been hundreds of years of published and nown case studies and data and widely agreed upon metrics for the field and where there are several world class experts to whom one can compare themselves when trying to improve Ericsson himself states that the principles for deliberate practice don t work as well for professions like engineer teacher consultant electrician and business manager I would think that these professional titles apply to millions of people around the planet so those people will probably benefit a bit less from Ericsson s principles Nonetheless in a world constantly competing with itself Ericsson s book offers some timely and well researched advice for self improvement. Ellence can be divided into two eras before Ericsson and after Ericsson His groundbreaking work captured in this brilliantly useful book provides us with a blueprint for achieving the most important and life changing work possible to become a little bit better each dayDan Coyle author of The Talent Code Ericssons research has revolutionized how we think about human achievement If everyone would take the lessons of this book to heart it could truly change the worldJoshua Foer author of Moonwalking with Einstei.

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Having read many of Ericsson s papers I wasn t expect to learn much but the narrative style and the ways in which he synthesises a career s worth of research sheds new light on practice and expertise Excellent book everyone who seriously want to improve their performance in anything should read this Anders Ericsson became famous for his work on what he called deliberate practice a set of recipes that could help someone gain expertise in an area In this readable and well researched book he expands upon this concept and brings several time tested and scientifically reviewed ideas to bear on the search for perfection in our lives Ericsson and his co author Robert Pool are good storytellers and they pepper their ideas with dozens of case studies and examples from diverse fields like music sports and medicineIn the first part of the book Ericsson dispels the myth that most prodigies or experts achieve what they do by innate talent I thought he was a bit biased against the truly brilliant individuals like Mozart which humanity has produced but he makes the good point that even Mozart adopted certain strategies and worked very hard often helped by his father to become famous Similarly Ericsson examines several other extraordinary individuals mainly in the realm of sports music and recreational arithmetic such as Paginini Picasso and Bobby Fischer and tells us of their intense and often grueling routine of practice What he perhaps fails to mention is that even the intense ability to focus or to work repeatedly with improvement has an innate component to it I would have appreciated his take on recent neuroscience studies investigating factors like concentration and mental staminaOnce the myth of some ind of an innate unreachable genius is put to rest Ericsson explains the difference between ordinary. This book is a breakthrough a lyrical powerful science based narrative that actually shows us how to get better much better at the things we care aboutSeth Godin author of LinchpinAnyone who wants to get better at anything should read Peak Rest assured that the book is not mere theory Ericssons research focuses on the real world and he explains in detail with examples how all of us can apply the principles of great performance in our work or in any other part of our lives Fortune Anders Ericsson has made a ca.

ANDERS ERICSSON PhD is Conradi Eminent Scholar and Professor of Psychology at Florida State University  He studies expert performance in domains such as music chess medicine and sports and how expert performers attain their superior performance by acuiring complex cognitive mechanisms through extended deliberate practice  He has edited “Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance” 2006 and “The Development of Professional Expertise” 2009In the book Outliers Malcolm Gladwell based his “10000 hour rule” on Ericsson and colleagues’s research on musicians